The most effective type of emergency contraception is the copper intrauterine device (IUD) and this should be considered as the first choice. It should be inserted into the womb as soon as possible after unprotected sex and can be used if the oral contraceptive pill has already been taken. Once inserted, it will work as a contraceptive in the future as well. It can stay in place for several years and can be removed any time someone wishes to start a pregnancy.
If you want to consider a copper IUD, you should contact your local sexual health services, family planning clinic or doctor.
There are also two types of oral emergency contraception available, which can be used as an alternative or as well as the copper IUD.
Levonorgestrel (Levonelle) is a single tablet that can be used up to 72 hours after unprotected sex. Studies have shown the pregancy rate to be less than 1.6% after taking it. he pregnancy rate after taking it is It cannot be used if a person is currently pregnant, had a birth in the previous 21 days or had a miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy or uterine evacuation for a molar pregnancy in the previous 5 days.
Ulipristal (Ella-One) is a single tablet that can be used up to 120 hours after unprotected sex. Studies have shown the pregnancy rate to be less than 1.3% after taking it.