MedExpress

How To Treat Acne

Shot of a young woman squeezing a pimple in front of the bathroom mirror

Acne can be devastating for those who suffer from it. The skin condition can trigger emotional distress, along with scarring and long-term low confidence. Acne usually appears on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. It’s important that sufferers do everything they can to reduce the impact of this skin condition and understand how to treat acne.

What is acne?

Acne occurs when hair follicles become blocked by dead skin cells and oil from skin clog hair follicles and pores. When your body produces an excess amount of sebum and dead skin cells, this can build up in the hair follicles, and if the clogged pores becomes infected with bacteria, inflammation results.

Acne can be mild or severe – and is common among teenagers – with 70 to 87 percent reportedly suffering from acne. Acne is primarily driven by male hormones – these usually become active during the teenage years. However, it also affects most people at other stages in their lives.

Acne can be aggravated by the following:

• Fluctuating hormone levels during the menstrual cycle (for women)
• Certain clothing and headgear (including phones and headphones)
• Infecting the acne lesions, by picking them or rubbing dirt into them
• Certain weather conditions – such as high humidity

Symptoms of acne

Six main types of acne spots include:

• Nodules – big, painful lumps under the skin
• Papules – small, red bumps that are sore to touch
• Cysts – big lumps full of pus
• Whiteheads – closed, clogged up pores
• Blackheads – open clogged pores
• Pustules – pus-filled papules with a white tip

How to manage acne

Sometimes, basic self-help techniques can help to keep acne at bay. Here are a few tips:

• Regularly cleanse the infected area (lukewarm water is key)
• Avoid using make-up or cosmetics
• Immediately shower after a workout or exercise to stop sweat inflaming acne
• Take off all make up before bed
• Do not touch the area

How to treat acne

There are a range of different treatments to choose from, depending on the severity of your acne. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of lasting physical and emotional damage from acne.

Here are some treatments on offer:

For more information about how to treat acne contact one of our friendly team.